Publication Date
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Published online
new record; Russia; shell morphology;
pp. 139 -

Mytilisepta virgata was first collected as empty shells attached to plastic debris in south-western part of Peter the Great Bay (Sea of Japan), near Russian-Korean border. This species may be considered as a potentially non-indigenous species in Russian waters due to coastal warming, influence of warm-water currents and its presence in North Korean waters. A description, illustrations, data on distribution and ecology and taxonomic comments are provided.

Первая находка Mytilisepta virgata (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) в российских водах
Кепель А.А.; Лутаенко К.А.;
larvae; morphometric features; stages of development; provinculum; Black Sea;
pp. 127 -

Sequentially appearing in ontogenesis, the morphometric features of mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis larvae can serve as a basis for their species identification among the pool of larvae of  other bivalve mollusc species found in the Black Sea plankton. The study presents the photographs of live mussel larvae and scanning electron microscope (SEM) images of the larvae hinge at different developmental stages: D-veliger, veliger, veliconcha and pediveliger. There was shown the sequence of morphological changes in provinculum, as well as the shell’s size and shape changes, from the earliest straight-hinge stage of veliger up to metamorphosis. The correlation between shell height (H, μm) and shell length (L, μm) [H = 1.0022∙L–29.374; R2 = 0.9879], as well as the correlation between hinge edge length (l, μm) and shell length (L, μm) [l = 0.0009∙L2 – 0.018∙L +77,78; R2 = 0.9872] were determined for mussel larvae ranging in size from 98 to 350 µm. By employing energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy EDS(x), the elemental composition of the larvae shell’s hinge edge at the stages of veliger, veliconcha and pediveliger was determined; and it showed the presence of calcium, carbon, oxygen, sodium and chlorine. Magnesium was detected in pediveligers’ hinge edge only.

Морфометрические особенности личинок мидии Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lamarck, 1819) (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) в онтогенезе
Пиркова А.В.; Ладыгина Л.В.;
pp. 117 -

For the first time carnivorous bivalve mollusc Cuspidaria trosaetes Dall, 1925 was recorded in the north-western Sea of Japan. There was only one species of Cuspidaria, C. ascoldica, previously known in this region. Alive specimens of C. trosaetes were collected in the Tatarsky Strait on the continental slope on muddy sediment at the depths of 531–589 m. Stomach contents of C. trosaetes consist of foraminifers, copepods and rissoid gastropods. Cuspidaria trosaetes was selected as a type species of a monotypic subgenus C. (Nordoneaera) Okutani, 1985, which is now considered a separate genus, based on the presence of a thick shell without sculpture and with thick periostracum, as well as a short rostrum. The first obtained data on anatomy of C. trosaetes suggest its close affinity with the type species of the genus Cuspidaria, C. cuspidata. Cuspidaria trosaetes and C. cuspidata share such features as the presence of 5 pairs of septal pores, thin elongated posterior labial palps and the presence of two rows of papillae on the rim of the common siphonal sheath. Taking into account new data we propose to synonymize the monotypic genus Nordoneaera with the genus Cuspidaria.

Новые находки Cuspidaria trosaetes Dall, 1925 (Bivalvia: Anomalodesmata: Cuspidariidae) в Японском море с замечаниями о роде Nordoneaera
Колпаков Е.В.; БОЙКО М.И.; САФОНОВА Л.А.; Крылова Е.М.;
Bespalaya Yu.V.; Aksenova O.V.; Aksenov A.S.; Bovykina G.V.; Kondakov A.V.; Kropotin A.V.; Soboleva A.A.; Sokolova S.E.; Travina O.V.;
Aeshna juncea; Callicorixa sp.; Euglesa; phoresy; passive dispersal;
pp. 111 -

The present study reports the first observation of Euglesa globularis peaclams attached to dragonfly nymph Aeshna juncea, and E. parvula attached to the leg of the water boatmen nymph Callicorixa sp. from the Kolyma River basin in eastern Siberia (Asiatic Russia). It has been shown that the aquatic insects may play a potential role in the dispersal of bivalves both locally within one and between different water bodies.

Зоохорное расселение пресноводных моллюсков (Bivalvia: Sphaeriidae): потенциальная роль водяных насекомых
Беспалая Ю.В.; Аксенова О.В.; Аксёнов А.С.; Бовыкина Г.В.; Соболева А.А.; Кондаков А.В.; Кропотин А.В.; Соколова С.Е.; Травина О.В.;
Zvonareva S.S.; Deart Yu.V.; Lischenko F.V.; Dinh H.T.Y.; Nguyen T.T.; Mekhova E.S.;
geometric morphometry; predation risk; octocorals; phenotypic plasticity; Ovulidae; turbidity;
pp. 99 -

This study investigates the shell variability of Phenacovolva rosea, a symbiotic gastropod inhabiting octocorals, in relation to geographical location and host coral species. We analyzed shells from 53 adult specimens collected at three locations in the north of Vietnam and one in the vicinities of Nha Trang City (southern Vietnam).

To describe the shells' outlines, elliptical Fourier descriptors were applied. Based on the shell outline data, principal component analysis was performed. Additionally, height and width of P. rosea shells were measured. Only the first two principal components were effective, with the first principal component accounting for 92.8% of the variation. It closely correlated with width-to-height ratio of shells. According to dispersion analysis (ANOVA), shells in Nha Trang were significantly slimmer with longer terminal processes compared to those from the three northern locations. The coral host species also impacted shell shape when considering the entire dataset. However, this difference may have stemmed from shell variations between locations, as coral composition is not independent of location. When regional samples were analyzed separately, no significant impact of the host was detected.

The factors that differed between northern locations and Nha Trang were then discussed, along with the mechanisms underlying their influence. We suggest that predation risk, influenced by water turbidity, is greater in the clearer waters of Nha Trang. This increased predator pressure may explain the presence of long terminals on P. rosea shells found in Nha Trang, potentially providing protection against some fish predators. Furthermore, the shorter and wider shells found in northern locations may be advantageous in waters with higher current speeds, whereas the long-teminal shells with narrow apertures observed in Nha Trang may be better suited for slower currents. The climate disparity, encompassing temperature and salinity mediated through precipitation, could also potentially influence shell morphology. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear due to the complex nature of these interactions and the scarcity of literature data.

Isolating host-specific shell shape traits from other factors proved challenging, given the close association between host species composition and location. Laboratory experiments modeling each factor independently may provide a solution to this issue.

Изменчивость формы раковины симбиотического брюхоного моллюска Phenacovolva rosea во Вьетнаме
Звонарева С.С.; Деарт Ю.В.; Лищенко Ф.В.; Динь Йен Х.Т.; Нгуйен Ту Т.; Мехова Е.С.;