larvae; morphometric features; stages of development; provinculum; Black Sea;
pp. 127 -

Sequentially appearing in ontogenesis, the morphometric features of mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis larvae can serve as a basis for their species identification among the pool of larvae of  other bivalve mollusc species found in the Black Sea plankton. The study presents the photographs of live mussel larvae and scanning electron microscope (SEM) images of the larvae hinge at different developmental stages: D-veliger, veliger, veliconcha and pediveliger. There was shown the sequence of morphological changes in provinculum, as well as the shell’s size and shape changes, from the earliest straight-hinge stage of veliger up to metamorphosis. The correlation between shell height (H, μm) and shell length (L, μm) [H = 1.0022∙L–29.374; R2 = 0.9879], as well as the correlation between hinge edge length (l, μm) and shell length (L, μm) [l = 0.0009∙L2 – 0.018∙L +77,78; R2 = 0.9872] were determined for mussel larvae ranging in size from 98 to 350 µm. By employing energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy EDS(x), the elemental composition of the larvae shell’s hinge edge at the stages of veliger, veliconcha and pediveliger was determined; and it showed the presence of calcium, carbon, oxygen, sodium and chlorine. Magnesium was detected in pediveligers’ hinge edge only.

Морфометрические особенности личинок мидии Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lamarck, 1819) (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) в онтогенезе
Пиркова А.В.; Ладыгина Л.В.;