volume 34

volume 34 part 1

new species; new name; Buccinum kosyanae; Buccinum fedosovi;
pp. 1 -

The new species, Buccinum kosyanae sp. nov. is described from the Middle Kurile Islands. Previously the species was included in multigene molecular phylogeny of the genus [Kantor et al., 2022b] as B. cf. kobyakovae. The new name, B. fedosovi nom. nov. is proposed for Buccinum solidum Golikov et Sirenko, 1988, non Buccinum solidum Philippi, 1887.

Новый вид Buccinum (Neogastropoda: Buccinidae) с Курильских островов
Кантор Ю.И. ; Сиренко Б.И.;
Leptoplax duongi; Leptoplax unica; new species;
pp. 7 -

The paper deals with two species of chitons of the genus Leptoplax, L. unica and L duongae sp. nov. collected in the South China Sea off the Spratly Islands. The new species differs from morphologically similar species of the genus by the sculpture of the jugum, absence of notch on the anterior margin of apophyses of the tail valve, rounded shape of pustules of tegmentum and distinctly ribbed dorsal girdle spicules.

Моллюски рода Leptoplax (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) островов Спратли Южно-Китайского моря
Сиренко Б.И. ;
subepidermal spicules; spiculogenesis; rhinophore; tubercle; organogenesis;
pp. 15 -

Regenerative capabilities vary among different groups of invertebrates and despite being a highly abundant and diverse group of invertebrates with significant commercial and scientific value, gastropods remain relatively understudied in this respect. This work presents the first investigation of post–traumatic regeneration in the nudibranch mollusc Doridina, specifically focusing on Onchidoris muricata. Dorids have unique subepidermal calcite spicules that form a complex network inside the body. However, their capacity for complete or partial recovery, as well as the impact on regeneration of organs containing these spicules, has never been studied. We examined the regeneration of chemosensory organs (rhinophores) and dorsal body outgrowths (tubercle), both containing spicules and having different innervation. Our investigation explores three models of rhinophore regeneration: 1) after the removal of the apex and three lamellae of the rhinophore, 2) when the entire metameric lammelae part is removed, and 3) when the rhinophore is entirely excised. Additionally, two series of experiments were conducted to examine tubercle regeneration in the peribranchial region and in the rhinophore region. The study reveals varying regenerative abilities of these organs, likely linked to their different innervation patterns. Notably, we observed that the presence of the apex and spicules de novo synthesis influence the formation of the first rhinophore lamellae. The search for new patterns and mechanisms underlying the restoration of elements in the nervous system, muscular system, and solid skeleton can significantly contribute to our understanding of regenerative biology. This research expands our knowledge of nudibranch molluscs regeneration and the unique restoration of the subepidermal spicule complex. Furthermore, the regeneration of spicule-containing organs can be a model for studying the formation and structure of biomineralized structures, including their organic component.

Регенерация у дорид на примере Onchidoris muricata (Nudibranchia, Gastropoda, Mollusca)
Никитенко Е.Д.; Анисенко А.Н.; Ворцепнева Е.В.;