Volume 31

Volume 31 part 1

Chukchi Sea; East Kamchatka; Commander Islands; Propebela fidicula; Propebela bogdanovi;
pp. 1 -

In 1990 I.P. Bogdanov provided the new localities for Propebela fidicula – off the Wrangel Island in the Chukchi Sea and off the eastern coast of Kamchatka [Bogdanov, 1990]. These locations were far beyond the known range of this species – from Puget Sound Bay to the Aleutian Islands [Oldroyd, 1927]. Verification of material from the ZIN collection showed that the real Propebela fidicula in Russian waters is found only near the Commander Islands. The shells that Bogdanov identified as Propebela fidicula, belong to a new species. It differs from Propebela fidicula both in sculpture and radular morphology.

Propebela bogdanovi sp. nov. (Gastropoda, Conoidea, Mangeliidae) – новый вид из Чукотского моря и с восточного побережья Камчатки
Меркульев А.В. ;
Sibirivalvata; fauna; distribution; ecology;
pp. 7 -

The fauna of the rivers of the north of Western Siberia that do not belong to the Ob’ River basin is of particular interest from the point of view of zoogeography and understanding of the processes of formation of the freshwater malacofauna. Starting in the taiga zone, these rivers flow north and cannot serve as a way of interzonal dispersal of species from lower latitudes. However, information about the fresh-water malacofauna of these river basins is poorly presented in the scientific literature, some of the published species findings are doubtful or erroneous. The gastropod mollusks of the family Valvatidae of the Taz river basin (Western Siberia) are considered. The basin is located closer to the Yenisei than to the Ob’ River basin. The study was based on original authors’ material represented by both qualitative and quantitative samples. It has been found that eight species of mollusks of the genus Valvata occurs in the water reservoirs and streams of the Taz basin, an annotated list of species is presented, and a brief zoogeographic characteristic is given. Three species (Valvata helicoidea, V. sorensis and V. korotnevi) are for the first time recorded from the basin, one of them (V. korotnevi) is for the first time recorded from the Western Siberia waterbodies.

Моллюски семейства Valvatidae Gray, 1840 (Gastropoda, Heterobranchia) бассейна реки Таз (Западная Сибирь)
Андреева С.И.; Андреев Н.И.; Бабушкин Е.С.;
taxonomy; Stemmatopsis; new species; Vietnam; Laos;
pp. 21 -

The terrestrial snail genus Stemmatopsis is mainly distributed in northern Vietnam and northern Laos. In total five species of Stemmatopsis are discovered, including two described herein. Stemmatopsis arcuatolabris sp. nov. has a small distorted-ovate shell with last whorl protruded quite strongly from ventral side. It has a thickened, expanded peristome with bended palatal side having a bow-like shape. Stemmatopsis dolium sp. nov., has a small, oblique-ovate shell, an approximately quadrangular aperture, and a wave-like shape at the palatal side of peristome.

Два новых вида рода Stemmatopsis J. Mabille, 1887 (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora: Streptaxidae) из Вьетнама и Лаоса
До Д.С.;
land molluscs; land snail; introduction; phenotypes; Russia;
pp. 27 -

The shell colour and banding were analyzed in more than 2000 specimens of Cepaea nemoralis collected in 11 localities in Moscow and the Moscow region. In the colonies studied, snails with pink shells usually predominate, most often represented by the phenotype 00000 (complete absence of the spiral bands). In most cases, yellow unbanded shells were absent or represented by single specimens. Brown shells, almost exclusively unbanded, were found only in 5 sites. On the example of colonies from Zagoryanski and Buch (Berlin), as well as Sheremetievski and Dolgoprudnyi, the phenotypic composition of newly formed colonies and colonies that could have been their origins was compared. A decrease in phenotypic diversity of newly formed colonies was noted.

Полиморфизм окраски раковины у Cepaea nemoralis (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Helicidae) в Московской области
Гураль-Сверлова Н.В.; Егоров Р.В.;
pigmented cell; screening pigment; gastropod mollusks;
pp. 39 -

The cellular composition, the morphology of the components, and the screening function and evolutionary changes of the light-insulating apparatus of the camera-like eye of the terrestrial gastropod pulmonate mollusk Arion rufus .were studied and evaluated using light and electron microscopy. According to all the considered characteristics, the light-insulating apparatus of A. rufus is typical for terrestrial pulmonate mollusks. Evolutionary transformations of the light-insulating apparatus, caused by the change in the mollusks' environment, are insignificant and affect the cellular composition, the morphology of pigmented cells and the isolation of the light-sensitive parts of photoreceptor cells from each other.

Светоизолирующий аппарат камерного глаза наземного брюхоногого моллюска Arion rufus (Heterobranchia, Stylommatophora)
Шепелева И.П.;

Volume 31 part 2

Squamophora; new species; Squamophora nierstraszi;
pp. 51 -

I propose to restore the old genus name Squamophora for S. oviformis and the described herein S. nierstraszi sp. nov.. A new emendation of the genus Squamophora is provided, taking into account the main features of the shell, girdle and radula that distinguish it from the closely-related genus Loricella. The new species differs from the type species by the sculpture of the dorsal scales and the shape of the radula teeth.

Восстановление рода Squamophora (Mollusca: Polyplacophora: Loricidae)
Сиренко Б.И. ;
land molluscs; introduction; phenotypes; Western Ukraine; Moscow region; Russia;
pp. 59 -

The phenotypic composition of C. hortensis colonies was studied in Western Ukraine (more than 30 thousand adults from 23 settlements and 5 administrative regions) and the Moscow region of Russia (more than 500 adults and juveniles from two colonies in Moscow and Vidnoe). Most Western Ukrainian colonies were characterized by the absence of pink shells, the high frequencies of unbanded shells (70% or more), as well as the white ground colour in all banded shells. It is supposed that the latter feature makes it possible to reliably identify the colonies formed by the descendants of the primary introduction of C. hortensis into Western Ukraine, which occurred in the 20th century, from later and independent repeated introductions of this species. Unlike Western Ukraine, snails with yellow banded and pink shells were found in both colonies from the Moscow region. Pink banded shells were registered only in Moscow as well as in two colonies from Lviv. In two of the three colonies mentioned, part of the pink unbanded (Moscow) or all pink shells (Lviv) had a dark lip.

Полиморфизм окраски раковины интродуцированной улитки Cepaea hortensis (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Helicidae) из отдельных регионов Восточной Европы
Гураль-Сверлова Н. В.; Гураль Р. И.;
Soldatov A.A.; Kukhareva T. A.; Morozova V.N.; Richkova V.N.; Andreyeva A.Yu.; Bashmakova A. O.;
extrapallial fluids; cellular volume; anomalies; reactive amitotic division; shistocytes; polymorphic nuclei;
pp. 77 -

In the present work we investigated the influence of three days anoxia on hematological parameters, morphological and functional characteristics of eryhroid cells of alien bivalve Anadara kagoshimensis. Oxygen concentration in seawater was decreased by bubbling with nitrogen gas for 5 h. Temperature was maintained at 20±1oC and photoperiod was 12h day: 12h night. Extrapallial fluids were sampled by a puncture of extrapalial cavity. Three-day exposure to anoxia caused pronounced cellular responses. At the organismic level changes were not observed, as hemoglobin concentration the total number of erythroid cells and mean hemoglobin concentration (МСН) remained at the level of normoxia. We observed an increase of cellular anomalies, i.e. shistocytes and erythroid cells with polymorphic nuclei, and cells undergoing reactive amitotic division, which resulted in formation of binuclear cells. Nuclear volume (Vn) increased for more than 40 % compared to control level. This increase depended on the duration of anoxia. Changes in cellular volume (Vc) possessed a complicated manner. At the end of experimental period (3rd day of anoxia) nucleo-cytoplasmic ratio was 36% lower comparing to normoxia. Exposure to anoxia did not cause mortality of erythroid cells. The number or red blood cell shades observed on slides remained at control level.

Морфометрические характеристики эритроидных гемоцитов у моллюска-вселенца Anadara kagoshimensis (Tokunaga, 1906) в условиях нормоксии и аноксии
Солдатов А.А.; Кухарева Т.А.; Морозова В.Н.; Рычкова В.Н.; Андреева А.Ю.; Башмакова А.О.;
pp. 87 -

Sexual dimorphism is the condition where individuals of different sex in the same species exhibit different characteristics beyond the differences in their sexual organs. In this study, individuals of a viviparid species Filopaludina martensi from the Kwai Yai River in Kanchanaburi Province (Thailand) were examined for eight shell and operculum characteristics. Sexual differences were observed in size of shell and operculum, with females being larger than males. The results indicated that morphometric analyses are useful to detect subtle differences between sexes in this species.

Половой диморфизм и морфометрический анализ Filopaludina martensi martensi (Gastropoda: Viviparidae)
pulmonate molluscs; marine Caenogastropoda;
pp. 93 -

Using the methods of light and electron microscopy, the morphological properties were studied, and the evolutionary changes in the vitreous body of the camera-like eyes of some species of terrestrial gastropod pulmonate molluscs were traced. It was demonstrated that all the considered properties of the vitreous body of molluscs are typical for terrestrial pulmonates. In the course of evolution, as a result of the land development by mollusks, the properties of their vitreous body have hardly changed.

Стекловидное тело камерных глаз наземных брюхоногих моллюсков (Heterobranchia, Stylommatophora)
Шепелева И.П.;